Major League Competitions

 

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The RS Components Middle Size League is an official league of RoboCup. Two (soccer) teams made up of five autonomous robots, with dimensions up to 80 cm in height, 52 cm in diameter and 40 kg in weight, play on a field similar to a football field, but smaller in size (18 m x 12 m).

Robots have numerous sensors (cameras, gyros, sonar, etc.) and actuators (motors, kickers device, etc.), which enable them to play completely autonomous, without any human intervention. They also have wireless connection in order to communicate among themselves and with the referee.

As a rule, there are two referees: one regulates the game and the other interacts with a graphical interface. This interface makes robots aware of all fouls, cards, etc., that occur during the game.

This particular league attracts great public attention due to its multidisciplinary aspect. Developing a team of robots of this size poses mechanical and electronic challenges. On the other hand, autonomy restriction sets its own challenges in signal processing, control and artificial intelligence. The competitive scenario is regularly reviewed to ensure the challenge is adequate to the state of technology.

Elements of the competitionDimensionsCharacteristicsPhoto
Place of Soccer Field Event 18m x 12m Green field
White lines
White goal line
Campo
Game Elements Robots (x5) 52cm diameter
80cm height
Self-employed
Mostly black
Robô
Ball Size FIFA 5 Many colours Bola
Human intervention 2 referees (communicate with robots via computer)
Characteristics of the test Game Time: 30 minutes (15 + 15)

Rules

http://wiki.robocup.org/Middle_Size_League#Rules

Coordinating Team

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Campo

 

In the Standard Platform League, soccer is played with a standardized robot platform, i.e. all teams compete with identical robots and only differ in the software they developed. The robots operate in a fully autonomous way, such that there is no external control by humans or computers. However, the robots can communicate with their teammates and receive the decisions of the referee via wireless communication.

Each game is composed of two 10-minute halves. In these games, teams of five robots play against each other on a 9m x 6m field.

The current standard platform used is the humanoid H25 NAO or H21 NAO manufactured by Aldebaran Robotics. The H25 NAO robot has 25 actuated joints – five in each leg, five in each arm, one in each hand, two in its neck, and one in its hip. In its head, two cameras are integrated for perceiving the environment. In its chest, sonar sensors can measure distances to other object on the field. In its feet there are sensors to measure ground contact and the contact with the ball. One accelerometer with three axis and two gyroscopes each with one axis allow measuring the pose of the robot’s torso.

Rules

http://www.robocup2016.org/en/leagues/robocup-soccer/standard-platform/

 

 

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In the 2D Simulation League, two teams of 11 simulated autonomous software programs (called agents) play soccer in a two-dimensional virtual soccer stadium represented by a central server, called SoccerServer. This server knows everything about the game, i.e. the current position of all players and the ball, the physics and so on.

Each player receives relative and noisy input of his virtual sensors (visual, acoustic and physical) and is able to perform some basic commands (like dashing, turning or kicking) in order to influence its environment.

Rules

http://wiki.robocup.org/Soccer_Simulation_League#Rules

Coordinating Team

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The 3D Simulation competition increases the realism of the simulated environment used in the 2D Simulation League by adding an extra dimension and more complex physics. The virtual robot used in the 3D simulator is based on the Nao humanoid robot from Aldebaran robotics, the robot that is used in the Standard Platform League since 2008.

Using the same model for the simulation competitions represents a great opportunity for researchers wanting to test their algorithms and ideas before trying them into the real robots. A match is played by two teams of eleven players and consists of two halves of five minutes each.

Rules

http://wiki.robocup.org/wiki/Soccer_Simulation_League#Rules

Coordinating Team

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The league consists of three competitions: (1) The agent competition; (2) The infrastructure competition; and (3) The virtual robot competition. During rescue operations after a disaster, cooperation is a must. In general the problem is not solvable by a single agent, and a heterogeneous team that dynamically combines individual capabilities in order to solve the task is needed. This requirement is due to the structural diversity of disaster areas, variety of evidence the sensors can perceive and to the necessity of quickly and reliably examining large regions. Yet, the performance of a joint rescue team depends on assembling the right mixture of capabilities and has to be designed as a whole.

The goal of this league is to take this technological and scientific challenge and extend current rescue robot platforms with planning, learning, and information exchange capabilities needed to coordinate their efforts and to accomplish the rescue mission as a team.

Rules

http://wiki.robocup.org/Rescue_Simulation_League

Coordinating Team

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The Autonomous Driving competition constitutes a medium complexity technical challenge in which a mobile, autonomous robot must traverse a route along a closed track which resembles a conventional road.

The track attempts to replicate a real scenario, but the competition takes place in a structured and controlled environment. The track, with an eight-format, simulates a two-way road with a zebra-crossing, a pair of traffic lights (one in each direction), a tunnel, a working zone, traffic signs, an obstacle and a parking area with one free space and one occupied space. The position of the obstacle on the track and the free place of the parking area are unknown to the robot at the beginning of each run.

The competition has three rounds that take place over three consecutive days, during which complexity is progressively increased through the addition of new challenges. In all three rounds the robots start from the zebra-crossing, after the "go ahead" signal is displayed on the traffic light, and has to complete two laps around the track.

In addition to identifying the traffic light displayed by the panel, the first round only requires movement control of the robot along the track. The robot must complete two laps on the track as fast as possible. In this first round, the tunnel, the obstacle, the working zone and the traffic signs are not present.

The second round requires the robot to identify one of five different signals displayed by the dashboard light (simulating the traffic lights) and to react accordingly. The signs, shown through a TFT 17" screen, may indicate that the robot must stop, move towards one of two possible directions (left or straight ahead), that the race has ended or that it should initiate the parking manoeuvre. In the second round, robots must also avoid an obstacle, which is obstructing one of the ways in an unknown location. The obstacle must be detected and the robot must avoid it by following the track, without leaving it.

Finally, in the third round, two additional challenges are included: a tunnel, that covers part of the course, and a non-structured part of track called 'working zone'. The tunnel has significant impact in light conditions, therefore requiring a shift in the navigation style of the robot. The working zone imposes a different route that is unknown a priori. The new route is marked by coloured cones (orange and white, similar to traffic cones but smaller), connected through a red/white plastic strip. In this area, the robot must leave the normal track and follow the new path, without touching any of the elements that bound it, and re-enter the track area where the working zone ends.

Since 2011, a simplified variant of the competition was introduced, which is called ROOKIE CLASS. This version of the competition includes two phases:

  • The first phase is a simple speed test - the robot must complete two laps on the track as fast as possible.
  • The second phase is played in rounds, with two teams competing at once in pursuit-mode. Only the fastest teams will compete in the second phase. The winning teams move into the next round and consecutively to the final.

A team is typically composed of a maximum of six elements, but can integrate extra elements by paying an additional amount per element.

A single institution may register multiple teams. Teams representing educational institutions should be mainly formed by students from this institution but may include teachers or former students.

Rules

http://robotica2017.isr.uc.pt/Rules2017/fnr2017_Autonomous_Driving.pdf

Coordinating Team

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The Robot@Factory aims to recreate the challenges and difficulties that an autonomous robot faces when used in a factory. This factory consists of a supply warehouse, a warehouse of finished product and eight processing machines.

The goal of the competition is to have the robot transfer boxes among warehouses and machines in minimum time.

The mentioned boxes have to be picked-up, transported and correctly placed by the robot that must be able to perform localization, navigation and collision avoidance.

The competition takes place in three rounds that present increasingly difficult challenges. This challenge allows for a gradual transition, in terms of task complexity and technical knowledge requirements, between the junior and major leagues, such as autonomous driving.

Rules

http://robotica2016.ipb.pt/docs/regras-robot-factory.pdf

Rule clarification for the 2017 robot@factory edition:

As the level of the teams has increased, it has become possible to introduce elements that require more autonomy from the robots. But this should not prevent the accessibility of the competition, hindering the participation of teams with less experience. More advanced robots must be able to have some advantage, without jeopardizing the participation of simpler robots.

Coordinating Team

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FreeBots is a competition challenging the research and development community, worldwide, to present their research results in the form of a technical presentation and a public demo. The scope of the demos encompasses physical robots (one or more), mobile or not, land, aquatic or aerial. The acceptance of teams/demos may be limited due to the availability of technical conditions at the site.

Each demo will be evaluated by a jury of prominent individuals with a strong connection to robotics with respect to their: technical-scientific quality; application potential; capability to present the solution to the public; and quality and success of the demo. The top team will be declared the winner of the competition.

The National Festival of Robotics 2018 will also cover activities involving drones (autonomous or semi-autonomous). These activities will be streamlined by several research groups and companies.

Rules

http://rm.isr.ist.utl.pt/projects/freebots

Coordinating Team

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